This BASE Adaptation Inspiration Book: 23 European Cases of Climate Change Adaptation is the result of four years extensive case study research carried out within the EU FP-7 Project BASE: Bottom-up climate adaptation strategies towards a sustainable Europe (2012-2016).
This BASE project outcome reviews the policy integration and knowledge use in the EU adaptation strategy at the EU level. An understanding of policy integration and knowledge use in the EU adaptation strategy is essential when one considers its implementation.
This report produces a comparative analysis of national adaptation strategies in a selected sample of EU Member States. It is split into 3 analytical parts. Part 1 explores the architecture of adaptation policy in different EU Member States through the lens of policy coordination, including knowledge sharing, and explores the tension between top-down and bottom-up approaches.
The aim of this report is to develop the BASE Evaluation Criteria for Climate Adaptation (BECCA). It is a framework and criteria set that can be used to evaluate the implementation of adaptation policies and measures. It is based on existing frameworks and criteria sets for evaluating climate adaptation conducted at international and EU, Member States, sub-national and local level.
This report describes the experimental setup for the sectoral modelling developed in BASE. The models link to the case studies in two ways. Firstly, they use the data in the case studies for model validation and secondly they provide information to inform stakeholders about adaptation strategies.
This objective of this report is to improve selected tools and methodologies for integrated assessment of climate change adaptation costs and benefits.
This report is divided into two parts: Firstly, this report proposes a specific method to incorporate different levels of uncertainty related to climate change sciences in the WITCH integrated assessment model. Secondly, this report develops and tests a method to investigate spatial differences in climate change impacts on agriculture in terms of land use changes. The deliverable describes the methodology followed to develop an integrated modelling framework (SARA) that will allow for an integrated analysis of adaptation pathways within the BASE project.
This report outlines the shared starting points, research practices and questions to be answered in case studies to ensure comparability of results and their ability to feed into WP6 & WP7. Chapter 2 assesses the state of the art in research and practice of adaptation in seven sectors to fine-tune case studies.
This report takes stock of adaptation planning and measures to date in Europe and globally. The report provides a general assessment of 136 selected case studies focusing on aspects including types of measure, stakeholder groups involved, sectors, decision support tools (participatory and economic), and funding sources. A further nine case studies are then explored in more detail in regard to measure selection and methods.
This report provides guidance and examples for the economic evaluation of adaptation options. It introduces a stepwise approach and tools which are applied in twenty BASE case studies.
This report investigates the participation process in climate change adaptation for 22 European BASE case studies. A description of participatory methods and a further analysis of 9 BASE case studies where there has been a deliberative adaptation process present are given. Based on the results presented, a set of recommendations to policy-makers and practitioners are given.
This deliverable assesses the implementation of adaptation measures and strategies through the study of their key barriers and drivers. The study categorises drivers and barriers to adaptation for each case study across temporal stages of adaptation progress, and looks at how barriers have been overcome and for patterns to provide recommendations.
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This document aims to offer a synthesis and discussion of the methodological process and results of implementing climate change adaptation case study research, reporting on the key messages and lessons learnt through a critical comparison of case studies that equally accounts for the stakeholders’ perspectives.
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This document provides a framework and consecutive protocol for consolidating data from the case studies in a format that delivers compatibility and quality to meet the requirements for up-scaling and modelling costs and benefits at
This report describes the procedure of how to upscale results from case study level to more generalized conclusions on costs and benefits at EU level. The report focuses on water availability, agriculture, floods, ecosystem services, health and cities.
This deliverable reports the advancements of the work accomplished by WP6 under Task 6.3: Adaptation pathways and full economic costs and benefits.
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This deliverable show how findings from modeling, case studies and the RCP-SSP story line framework can be brought together to inform adaptation policies across Europe using a step by step process tool.
This deliverable investigates and provides a comprehensive mapping of the processes and interactions linking climate change adaptation strategies to key-sectoral policies across Europe.
This report evaluates the integration of climate adaptation into the sectoral policy making of the European Commission, particularly following the publication of the European Union Adaptation Strategy. It focuses on integration in key sectors: coasts and marine, agriculture and biodiversity, health and water, with an emphasis on barriers and enablers of integration.
This report outlines 21 policy-relevant recommendations – and supporting evidence – for policy-makers working at the EU, national and local levels to support adaptation decision-making. The recommendations are based on the combined findings of the BASE project and are differentiated between different policy levels, yet generic enough to be applied to different decision-making contexts.
This document sets out a strategy for the communication and dissemination of information stemming from the BASE (Bottom-up Climate Adaptation Strategies for a Sustainable Europe) project’s research and activities. It outlines a plan to connect the relevant target audiences with BASE research by means of appropriate communication tools.
Decision makers at all levels in Europe currently face a number of significant challenges when devising appropriate and sustainable adaptation strategies. This policy brief overviews the key challenges facing decision makers as they plan climate adaptation strategies in Europe.
There is broad consensus that National Adaptation Strategies (NAS's) are a useful tool for countries to assess vulnerabilities, mainstream climate change risks, and address adaptation. In line with this, many EU Member States are currently in different stages of designing, implementing and reviewing their own NAS’s, a practice actively encouraged by the
Climate change threatens the countries, regions and economic sectors of Europe in different ways. Adaptation to climate change is carried out through very different policies and measures. Monitoring and evaluating these initiatives is important for tracking successes and failures in order to foster learning.
This Policy Brief presents ten recommendations for improving the practical implementation of the three overarching objectives of the EU Adaptation Strategy. These recommendations emerged from general modelling approaches combined with careful analyses of individual case studies across Europe.